Bonfire night/ English traditions 5th November

Durant mes de 400 anys fogueres han cremat el dia 5 de Novembre per marcar el fracassat intent the fer volar el parlament or Gunpowder Plot.
For 400 years, bonfires have burned
on November 5th to mark the failed Gunpowder Plot.

Corría el año 1605 y los católicos esperaban que el nuevo rey James I fuera algo más comprensivo con los católicos (básicamente que les dejara vivir en paz). Pero viendo que el nuevo monarca seguía por los mismos derroteros decidieron tomar cartas en el asunto.

Un grupito de exaltados planeó llevar 35 barriles de pólvora a las bodegas del parlamento en Londres para volarlo cuando el Rey estuviera dentro. Pero alguien dió el chivatazo. Cuando las autoridades bajaron a la bodega, encontraron a un tipo llamado Guy Fawkes con los 35 barriles de pólvora. Le detuvieron, le torturaron y lo mataron.

En conmemoración del día en que el Rey fué salvado de una conspiración , desde entonces en Inglaterra se hacen hogueras en las que se quema a un muñeco que representa a Guy Fawkes y tiran cohetes en recuerdo. 402 años siendo quemado en innumerables hogueras a lo largo y ancho del país.

The tradition of Guy Fawkes-related bonfires actually began the very same year as the failed coup. The Plot was foiled in the night between the 4th and 5th of November 1605. Already on the 5th, agitated Londoners who knew little more than that their King had been saved, joyfully lit bonfires in thanksgiving. As years progressed, however, the ritual became more elaborate.

Soon, people began placing effigies onto bonfires, and fireworks were added to the celebrations. Effigies of Guy Fawkes, and sometimes those of the Pope, graced the pyres. Still today, some communities throw dummies of both Guy Fawkes and the Pope on the bonfire (and even those of a contemporary politician or two), although the gesture is seen by most as a quirky tradition, rather than an expression of hostility towards the Pope.

Remember, remember the fifth of November,
Gunpowder treason and plot.
We see no reason
Why gunpowder treason
Should ever be forgot!

Guy Fawkes, guy, t'was his intent
To blow up king and parliament.
Three score barrels were laid below
To prove old England's overthrow.

By god's mercy he was catch'd
With a darkened lantern and burning match.
So, holler boys, holler boys, Let the bells ring.
Holler boys, holler boys, God save the king.

And what shall we do with him?
Burn him!